English

Vol. 9 6, 2019 p 700-708

Pages

Article name, authors, abstract and keyword

700-708

Conceptual study of the objectives of developing a method for spill oil spill response in ice seas through fine-dispersed particles

lexander V. Salnikov a, Mikhail A. Troshin b, Arina V. Nikolaeva b

a Ukhta State Technical University, 13 Pervomayskaya Str., Ukhta, 169300, Russian Federation

b Pipeline Transport Institute, LLC (Transneft R&D, LLC), 47a, Sevastopolsky prospect, Moscow, 117186, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.28999/2541-9595-2019-9-6-700-708

Abstract: One of the promising directions in the development of environmentally friendly methods for eliminating oil and oil product spills in icy seas today is the use of dispersants based on finely dispersed solid particles, which make it possible to create a stable Pickering emulsion for dispersing a spilled spot into the water column with subsequent accelerated biodegradation.The development of this method is hampered by the lack of scientifically substantiated requirements for the formulation of such dispersants, the assessment of their effectiveness, and also the technology for emergency response work, especially at low temperatures and in the presence of ice. Based on the analysis of world experience in the use of finely dispersed solid particles and the theory of stabilization of Pickering emulsions, this article proposes a three-level scheme for the conceptual development of goals in developing a method for liquidating emergency oil and oil product spills in ice seas, containing a general, refined and detailed concept. When detailing the concept, the problem goals were formulated in the work both for the development of dispersant formulations based on finely dispersed solid particles, and for the development of equipment and technology for the use of such dispersants in icy seas.

Keywords: oil spill response, icy seas, oil-mineral aggregation process, fine particulate matter, dispersants, Pickering emulsion.

For citation:
Salnikov A. V., Troshin M. A., Nikolaeva A. V. Conceptual study of the objectives of developing a method for spill oil spill response in ice seas through fine-dispersed particles. Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktovScience & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation. 2019;9(6):700708.

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