English

Vol. 12 3, 2022 p 230 - 238

Pages

Article name, authors, abstract and keyword

230-238

Assessment of retaining walls stability in case of emergency loss of tank carriage containment

Alexander E. Gonchar a, Vladislav N. Slepnev a, Maxim . Liplenko a

a The Pipeline Transport Institute, LLC (Transneft R&D, LLC), 47a Sevastopolsky Prospect, Moscow, 117186, Russian Federation

DOI: 10.28999/2541-9595-2022-12-3-230-238

Abstract: Research in the field of improving the system of forecasting accidents on the territory of tank farms for the storage of oil and oil product pipelines is of undoubted importance for solving the tasks of ensuring the safe operation of fuel and energy complex facilities. In this regard, the authors set a goal to develop a methodology for predicting the consequences of accidents at tank farms using numerical modeling of tank failure. This article, reflecting one of the stages of this work, presents a method for calculating the bearing capacity of retaining walls of tank carriage when exposed to a wave of oil (petroleum products) due to the destruction of the tank. The calculations are carried out by the finite element method and provide for the determination of loads from the hydrodynamic impact of breakthrough wave on the enclosing (retaining) walls of tank carriage. A scheme has been developed that makes it possible to predict the development of an emergency situation at tank farm and, based on assessment of hydrodynamic loads and stability of retaining wall, determine the sufficiency of existing measures to localize the accident and mitigate the consequences of the spill, the feasibility of developing additional measures for this purpose (installation of counter forts, formation of earth filling).

Keywords: tanks, tanks for storage of oil, oil products and oil gases, tank farm, tank fracture, quasi-sudden fracture, oil spill, retaining wall, industrial safety of hazardous production facilities

For citation:
Gonchar A. E., Slepnev V. N., Liplenko M. . Assessment of retaining walls stability in case of emergency loss of tank carriage containment. Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation. 2022;12(3):230238. https://doi.org/10.28999/2541-9595-2022-12-3-230-238

References:
[1] Brushlinsky N. N., Sokolov S. V., Klenko E. A. Fundamentals of the fire risks theory and its applications: monography. Moscow: GPS Academy, Ministry of Emergencies of Russia; 2012. 192 p. (In Russ.)
[2] Shebeko Y. N., Bolodyan I. A., Gordienko D. M., Deshykh Y. I., Giletich A. N., Malkin V. L., Kirillov D. S. Evaluation of oil depot fire safety in case of deviations from the fire safety regulation requirements in urban area conditions. Fire Safety. 2007(4):2228. (In Russ.)
[3] Kolesnikov Y. Y. Model uncertainty of fire risk for overland tanks with benzine. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost. 2013(3):3845. (In Russ.)
[4] Vorobjev Y. L., Kopylov N. P., Shebeko Y. N., Chernoplekov A. N. Normalization of the risks of technogenic extraordinary situations. Fire Safety. 2004(3):3744. (In Russ.)
[5] Lisanov M. V., Pecherkin A. C., Sidorov V. I. Risk analysis and safety declaration for oil and gas industry facilities. Equipment Certification and Safety. 1998(1):3741. (In Russ.)
[6] Creedy G. Quantitative risk assessment: How realistic are those frequency assumptions. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 2011;24(3):203207.
[7] Keeley D., Turner S., Harper P. Management of the UK HSE failure rate and event data. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 2011;24(3):237241.
[8] Pitblado R., Bain B., Falck A., Litland K., Spitzenberger C. Frequency data and modification factors used in QRA studies. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 2011;24(3):249258.
[9] Henley E. J., Kumamoto H. Reliability engineering and risk assessment. Moscow: Mashinostroyeniye Publ.; 1984. 528 p. (In Russ.)
[10] Wolski A., Dembsey N., Meacham B. Accommodating perceptions of risk in performance based building fire safety code development. Fire Safety Journal. 2000;34(3):297309.
[11] Kondrashova O. G., Nazarova M. N. Root cause failure analysis for vertical steel tanks. Electronic scientific journal Oil and Gas Business. 2004. No. 2. [accessed 2021 January 29] http://ogbus.ru/authors/Kondrashova/Kondrashova_1. pdf. (In Russ.)
[12] Shvyrkov S. A., Goryachev S. A., Sorokoumov V. P., Batmanov S. V., Vorobyev V. V. Statistics of quasi-sudden fractures of tanks for storage of oil and oil products. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost. 2007;16(6):4852. (In Russ.)
[13] Shvirkov S. . Fire risk in case of oil tank quasi-sudden fracture [dissertation of Dr Sci. (Eng.)]. [oscow]: Academy of State Fire-Fighting Service. Federal Rescue Service of Russia; 2013. 355 p. (In Russ.)
[14] Vorobyov V. V. Additional protective barriers to decrease fire hazard from oil and oil products spill in case of fracture of vertical steel tanks [dissertation abstract]. [Moscow]: Academy of State Fire-Fighting Service; 2008. 24 p. (In Russ.)
[15] Gaisin E. Sh., Gaisin M. Sh. Problems in ensuring reliability of tanks for oil and oil products. Review of solutions for tank reliability provision problems available in Russia. Design, Construction and Operation of Gas Oil Pipes and Oil and Gas Storage Facilities. 2016(2):3140. (In Russ.)
[16] Kozlitin A. M., Popov A. I., Kozlitin P. A. Quantitative risk analysis for possible spills of oil and oil products. In: Risk evaluation based on HSE management of industrial facilities. International collection of scholarly works. 2005. P. 135151. (In Russ.)
[17] Gonchar A. E., Slepnev V. N., Bogach A. A. Assessment of inrush wave hydrodynamic effect and volume of overflow over walls of dyking. Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation. 2021;11(6):640651. (In Russ.)
[18] Aysmatullin I. R., Veretelnik D. ., Slepnev V. N., Shestakov R. Y. A systematic approach to protection of the Arctic from the consequences of accidents on main pipelines. Business magazine Neftegaz.ru. 2018(5):6672. (In Russ.)
[19] Polovkov S. A., Gonchar A. E., Pugacheva P. V., Slepnev V. N. Development of additional protecting constructions from oil spills based on three-dimensional digital modeling. Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation. 2018;8(2):197205. (In Russ.)
[20] Polovkov S. A., Gonchar A. E., Maksimenko A. F., Slepnev V. N. Assessment of the risk of damage to pipelines located in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Modeling of a spill and determination of the possible volume of oil taking surface topography into consideration. Oil and Gas Territory. 2016(12):8893. (In Russ.)
[21] Zlobin . The largest disaster in the Arctic: what is known about the fuel spill near Norilsk [accessed 2021 March 22] https://www.forbes.ru/obshchestvo-photogallery/402193-krupneyshaya-katastrofa-v-arktike-chto-izvestno-o-razlivetopliva. (In Russ.)
[22] Design of retaining structures and basement walls. Reference guide to the SNIP. oscow: Stroyizdat Publ.; 1990. 104 p. (In Russ.)
[23] Popov N. N., Rastorguev B. S., Zabegaev A. V. Calculation of structures for dynamic and special loads. oscow: Visshaya shkola Publ.; 1992. 319 p. (In Russ.)
[24] Zabegaev . V. Strength and deformability of reinforced concrete structures under emergency shock loads [dissertation of Cand. Sci. (Eng.)]. [oscow]: Moscow Institute of the Order of the Red Banner of Labor of Civil Engineering named after V. V. Kuibyshev; 1992. 430 p. (In Russ.)